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2008年江苏省学位尊宝娱乐考试真题

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Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes 20%) Section A (5%) Directions: In this section you will hear five incomplete dialogues. They will be spoken only once. After each incomplete dialogue there will be a pause. During the pause you must read the four choices marked A. B, C and D, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark (he corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. 1. A. It’s up to you. B. Beer is OK. C. I don’t have a taste. D. Let me try. 2. A. We don’t have a post. B. One dollar and fifty cents. C. We don’t go to Paris. D. You can send it by yourself. 3. A. Sorry, I don’t have water. B. Sure, if you give me some water when I’m away. C. I’m afraid I don’t like it. D. Certainly, it is out of questions. 4. A. I’d love to, but I will be fully occupied that afternoon. B. I can’t finish the job within a half day. C. I don’t need a full day to complete the task. D. I’m afraid I can’t handle it. 5. A. That’s fine. B. I’m sorry for being late. C. I’m afraid I can’t. D. Don’t say like this. Section B (10%) Directions: In this section you will hear ten short conversations. At the end of each conversation a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause you must read the four choices marked A. B, C and D, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. 6. A. Bad. B. Good. C. No impression yet. D. Just so so. 7. A. She is studying typing. B. She is studying Spanish. C. She is studying cooking. D. She is studying sewing. 8. A. About a month. B. About a week. C. About ten days. D. About half a week. 9. A. In an art history class. B. In a museum. C. In the man’s dormitory. D. In the woman’s dormitory. 10.A.Get a new television set. B. Sell the TV to someone else. C. Find another repairman. D. Ask Mr. Smith to check it again. 11. A. 4.8 dollars. B. 6 dollars. C. 3.6 dollars. D. 4.32 dollars. 12. A. At a hotel. B. At a restaurant. C. At a police station. D. At a department store. 13. A. Start this work right now. B. Wait here for Mr. Smith. C. Go down to have something to drink. D. Make a telephone to Mr. Smith. 14. A. Two hours. B. Four hours. C. Six hours. D. Eight hours. 15. A. To a dance. B. To a party. C. To a play. D. To a concert. Section C (5%) Directions: In this section you will hear one dialogue and one short passage. At the end of the dialogue and the passage you will hear some questions. The dialogue and the passage will be spoken only once. After you hear a question you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B. C and D. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Question 16 to 17 are based on the dialogue you have just heard. 16. A. Coffee is his favorite drink. B. Coffee will help him relax. C. lie is thirsty. D. He is sleepy. 17. A. They will go to the airport by bus. B. The hotel will arrange a taxi for them. C. They will call a taxi themselves. D. Their friend will take them to the airport. Questions 18 to 20 are based on the dialogue you have just heard. 18. A. To inform university people of important schedule changes. B. To announce the new movies on weekends. C. To remind students to use the new library services. D. To tell campus personnel of their identification cards. 19. A. It will only be open on weekends. B. It will be open both weekends and weekdays. C. It will shorten its hours on weekdays. D. It is not mentioned. 20. A. Food. B. Transportation. C. Clinic. D. Accommodation. Part II Reading Comprehension (30 minutes 30%) Directions: In this part there are four passages. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B. C and D. You are required to decide on the choice that best answers the question or completes the statement. Passage One Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage. Very high waves arc destructive when they strike the land. Fortunately, this seldom happens. One reason is that out at sea, waves moving in one direction almost always run into waves moving in a different direction. The two sets of waves tend to cancel each other out. Another reason is that water is shallower near the shore. As a wave gets closer to land, the shallow bottom helps reduce its strength. But the power of waves striking the shore can still be very great. During a winter gale, waves sometimes strike the shore with the force of 6,000 pounds for each square foot. That means a wave. 25 feet high and 500 feet along its face, may strike the shore with a force of 75 million pounds. (91) Yet the waves, no matter how big or how violent, affect only the surface of the sea. During the most raging storms, the water a hundred fathoms (600 feet) beneath the surface is just as calm as on a day without a breath of wind. 21. According to the passage, destruction caused by high waves occurs ______ A. regularly B. rarely C. always D. predictably 22. It is implied that Out at sea, when waves going in opposite directions meet. their force _______ A. causes great damage B. extends to the ocean floor C. is liable to lessen D. increases rapidly 23. Coastal depth _______ A. is the only factor influencing the strength of high waves B. has enormous influence on the force of high waves C. has no influence on the strength of very high waves D. is irrelevant to the power of high waves 24. It can be inferred from Para. 2 that the power of high waves striking the shore is _______ A. constant B. equalized C. variable D. perpetual 25. It is impossible for the high waves ______ A. to bring about most raging storms B. to have an effect on the sea bottom C. to affect the surface of the sea D. to cause damage to the land Passage Two Questions 26 to 30 are based on he following passage. If it were only necessary to decide whether to teach elementary science to everyone on a mass basis or to find the rifled few and take them as far as they can go, our task would be fairly simple. The public school system, however, has no such choice, for the job must be carried on at the same time. Because we depend so heavily upon science and technology for our progress, we must produce specialists in many fields. (92) Because we live in a democratic nation, whose citizens make policies for the nation, large numbers of us must be educated to understand, to support, and when necessary, to judge the work of experts. The public school must educate both producers and users of scientific services. In education, there should be a good balance among the branches of knowledge that contribute to effective thinking and wise judgment. Such balance is defeated by too much emphasis on any one field. The question of balance involves not only the relation of the natural sciences, the social sciences, and the arts but also relative emphases among the natural sciences themselves. Similarly, we must have a balance between current and classical knowledge. The attention of the public is continually drawn to new possibilities in scientific fields and the discovery of new knowledge; these should not be allowed to turn our attention away from the sound, established materials that form the basis of courses for beginners. 26. It is indicated in Para.1 that the task of education is fairly complicated because_______ A. the current public school system is too complicated to be understood B. the public school system has no choice of what to teach C. it is difficult to decide whether elementary science should be taught in public school D. The educators have to take care of both ordinary and gifted students 27. The word “defeated” (Para.2) most probably means _______ A. broken B. beaten C. lost D. smashed 28. Which of the following statements is NOT included in the passage? A. One of the major tasks of education is to discover the most promising students. B. In order to teach effectively, educators are requested to lay emphasis on one particular field. C. Some subjects have been over-emphasized in public schools. D. The progress of the society cannot merely rely on inventors. 29. It can be inferred from the passage that _______ A. students should learn more up-to-date knowledge B. lack of scientific knowledge will lead to poor relations between producers and users of scientific services C. students are getting to know the importance of a good balance among the branches of knowledge D. Sufficient attention should be given to basic knowledge 30. The best title for this passage might be _______ A. Balance in Education B. Educational System in Public School C. Current Situation in Education D. Importance of Teaching Science and Technology Passage Three Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage. In primitive societies sick people had to rely on medicine men and witch doctors. (Some people still rely on them.) (93) It was believed that a person was sick because he had been attacked by evil spirits. The witch doctor’s job was to drive off these spirits. His technique involved a combination of three methods, the first of which was religious. He chanted magic words and used good luck charms which he thought had power over the evil spirits that supposedly had entered the victim’s body. Secondly, he deliberately fed the patient mixtures, which were often filthy and disgusting, to make the evil spirits so uncomfortable that would gladly run away and so enable the patient to get well. (94) The third method was to give the patient medicines prepared from certain plants and herbs that were similar in shape or texture to the various organs of the body. From our point of view, this was the only method that had any value. Modern scientific study has shown that some of these remedies had real usefulness in curing sickness, or at least in relieving pain, but not for the reasons advanced by the witch doctor. 31. The word “filthy”(Para. 2) most probably means ______ A. delicious B. effective C. dirty D. primitive 32. Disgusting mixtures were fed to the patient _______ A. to make them uncomfortable B. to cause the spirits discomfort C. because evil spirits liked them D. because they had medical value 33. According to the passage, the witch doctors ______ A. functioned in curing some diseases B. did nothing but harmed human’s health C. firmly believed in religions D. were proficient in medicine 34. When primitive people were cured, it was actually a result of _______ A. the witch doctor’s prayers B. the departure of evil spirits from the body C. reasons unknown to the witch doctor D. the great skill of witch doctor 35. Scientifically speaking, it might be somewhat effective in curing sickness for witch doctor _______ A. to use good luck charms B. to chant magic words C. to feed the sick people mixtures D. to give the patient medicines prepared from certain plants and herbs Passage Four Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage. Exchange a glance with someone, then look away. Do you realize that you have made a statement? Hold the glance for a second longer, and you have made a different statement. Hold it for 3 seconds, and the meaning has changed again. For every social situation, there is a permissible time that you can hold a person’s gaze without being intimate, rude or aggressive. If you are on an elevator, what gaze-time are you permitted? To answer this question, consider what you typically do. You very likely give other passengers a quick glance to size them up and to assure them that you mean no threat. (95) Since being close to another person signals the possibility of interaction, you need to emit a signal telling others you want to be left alone. So you cut off eye contact, what sociologist Erving Goffman calls “a dimming of the lights”. You look down at the floor, at the indicator lights, anywhere but into another passenger’s eyes. Should you break the rule against staring at a stranger on an elevator, you will make the other person exceedingly uncomfortable, and you are likely to feel a bit strange yourself. If you hold eye contact for more than 3 seconds, what are you telling another person? Much depends on the person and situation. For instance, a man and a woman communicate interest in this matter. They typically gaze at each other for about 3 seconds at a time, then drop their eyes down for 3 seconds, before letting their eyes meet again. But if one man gives another man a 3-second-plus stare, he signals “I know you”. I am interested in you” or “You look peculiar and I am curious about you. “This type of stare often produces hostile feelings. 36. It can be inferred from the first paragraph that _______ A. every glance has its significance B. staring at a person is an expression of interest C. a gaze longer than 3 seconds is unacceptable D. a glance conveys more meaning than words 37. If a person wants to be left alone on an elevator, the best thing to do is A. to look into another passenger’s eyes B. to avoid eye contact with other passengers C. to signal that he is not a threat to them D. to keep a certain distance from other passengers 38. The phrase“ a dimming of the lights” most probably means ______ A. closing one’s eyes B. turning off the lights C. ceasing to glance at others D. reducing gaze-time to the minimum 39. If one is looked at by a stranger for too long, he tends to feel ______ A. depressed B. uneasy C. curious D. amazed 40. The passage is mainly about ______ A. the limitation of eye contacts B. the exchange of ideas through eye contacts C. proper behavior in different situation D. the role of eye contact in interpersonal communication Part III Cloze (15 minutes 10%) Directions: In this part there is a passage with 20 blanks in it. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You are required to choose the one that best fills into the passage and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Unavoidably, Global climate is to change. "No matter 41 well the world controls emissions of greenhouse gases, global climate change is 42 ", warn two new studies which take into 43 the oceans' slow response 44 warming. 45 greenhouse gases never rise beyond their present level, temperatures and sea levels will continue 46 for another century or more because of a time 47 in the oceans' response to atmospheric temperatures, say researchers. This time lag means policymakers cannot afford to wait to tackle climate change 48 its consequences become painful, because 49 then they will already be committed 50 further change, they urge. "The feeling is that if things are getting bad, you 51 the stop button. But even if you 52 , the climate continues to change," says Gerald Meehl, a climatologist. But even an optimistic scenario predicts that 53 temperatures would continue to rise 54 between 0. 4℃ and 0. 6℃over the next century. That increase is 55 to the increase in during the 20th century. And because water expands as it 56 this time lag in temperature will continue to push sea level 57 . Meehl's models predict that thermal expansion alone would make sea levels rise by about 11 centimeters over the next century, even if greenhouse gases were held 58 2,000 levels. The real rise would almost certainly be more, he says, because his models do not include the effect of 59 of glaciers and icecaps, which will be 60 rapid in a warmer world. 41. A. how B. what C. where D. which 42. A. evitable B. credible C. incredible D. inevitable 43. A. counter B. count C. account D. accountant 44. A. in B. to C. for D. with 45. A. Even if B. Even though C. Unless D. Although 46. A. to rise B. rising C. raising D. to raise 47. A. log B. leg C. lag D. lab 48. A. as B. when C. until D. after 49. A. at B. in C. on D. by 50. A. to B. about C. in D. with 51. A. hit B. beat C. get D. put 52. A. did B. have C. had D. do 53. A. local B. global C. regional D. national 54. A. by B. for C. in D. to 55. A. comparison B. compared C. comparable D. comparing 56. A. cool B. warm C. warms D. warmed 57. A. bigger B. higher C. farther D. lower 58. A. at B. for C. in D. on 59. A. melted B. melts C. to melt D. melting 60. A. less B. more C. most D. least Part IV Vocabulary and Structure (15 minutes 15%) Section A (10%) Directions: In this section there are 20 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B. C and D. You are required to choose the one that best completes the sentence and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. 61. I’d like to ______ five hundred dollars to my current account. A. alter B. transform C. change D. transfer 62. The only ______ to the farmhouse is across the fields. A. access B. method C. step D. means 63. The corridor was dark and I ______ my head against the wall. A. brought B. damaged C. bumped D. struck 64. The mountain climber had a ______ escape from death. A. short B. scarce C. close D. narrow 65. ______ you are here, I can leave. A. So that B. Such that C. Now that D. In order to 66. Mr. Jones said he was ______ the possibility of buying the house. A. going over B. looking into C. holding on D. laying out 67. It is very kind of you to ______ me ______ at the airport. A. see/off B. put/off C. keep/off D. turn/off 68. Where did you ______ your Russian? A. pick out B. pick up C. pick over D. pick on 69. To his great _______, his son again failed to pass the examination. A. importance B. promotion C. excitement D. disappointment 70. I’m very busy, and I can’t ______ three days away from work. A. pay B. stand C. offer D. afford 71. He _______ the key on the table. A. left B. forgot C. lost D. missed 72. Mary, are you ______ to take part in the game? A. supposed B. disposed C. exposed D. proposed 73. Many Americans are African by ______ A. beginning B. origin C. start D. first 74. There was nobody in ______ when we came round the corner. A. sight B. glimpse C. glance D. view 75. Susie’s school work is well above _______ A. common B. average C. normal D. ordinary 76. A lot of people looked on him ______ an authority. A. like B. for C. as D. to 77. I’d like to rent a house, modern, comfortable and _______ in a quiet environment. A. for all B. first of all C. after all D. above all 78. The journalist claimed that the information came from a ______ source. A. confident B. dependent C. believed D. reliable 79. We were completely ______ when we finally reached the destination. A. worn off B. worn on C. worn out D. worn away 80. The doctor said, “If you take this medicine twice a day, it should ______ your cold.” A. restore B. cure C. treat D. recover Section B (5%) Directions: Complete the following sentences with appropriate words or expressions or with the proper forms of the given words in the brackets. Write your answer on the Answer Sheet. 81. Few people know him, __ they? 82. Everybody talked at the top of __ ____ voice. 83. I’d like to go to __ ____ university where I once studied law. 84. It would be a to tell his the truth. (kind) 85. What a lot of _ _ weather we’re having! (rain) 86. He to see me everyday last week. (come) 87. Most of the streets in the city recently. (widen) 88. It is time that children to school. (go) 89. You’d better your homework before dinner. (finish) 90. There are more than 100 on the airport. (aircraft) Part V Translation (15 minutes 10%) Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should (translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the reading passages you have just read in Part II. You can refer back to the passage so as o identify their meaning in the context. You should write your answer on the Answer sheet. 91. Yet the waves, no matter how big or how violent, affect only the surface of the sea. 92. Because we live in a democratic nation, whose citizens make policies for the nation, large numbers of us must be educated to understand, to support, and when necessary, to judge the work of experts. 93. It was believed that a person was sick because he had been attacked by evil spirits. 94. The third method was to give the patient medicines prepared from certain plants and herbs that were similar in shape or texture to the various organs o f the body. 95. Since being close to another person signals the possibility of interaction, you need to emit a signal telling others you want to be left alone. Part VI Writing (25 minutes 15%) Directions: For this part. you are allowed 25 minutes write a short passage following the guidelines given below. 96 .以《 电与我们的生活》 (Electricity and our Life )为题,根据以下提示,在25 分钟内写一篇不少于100 词的作文。 l )人们的生活离不开电. 2 )我们如何节约电。
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