尊宝娱乐口语辅导热招
  1. 虚拟课堂
  2. 招生方案
  3. 软件授课
  4. 名师录制+
  5. 海量信息
  6. 交流互动
您的位置:尊宝娱乐教育网 > 旅游尊宝娱乐 > 导游辞 > 正文

Vatican City 梵蒂冈城

2011-12-07 11:38   我要纠错 | 打印 | 收藏 | | |
    导语:著名的梵蒂冈虽然是世界上最小的国家,但它是一个非常神秘的国家,拥有者自己独特的气质,下面就跟随尊宝娱乐教育网小编的文章来了解一下它的神秘之处!
  著名的Vatican City梵蒂冈城是罗马教廷所在地,是由教皇统治的国家,位于意大利罗马城内,面积只有109英亩(约180平方公里),可谓是世界上最小的独立国家。Vatican City的建筑气势宏伟、内部装饰精美,堪称艺术之杰作…… 【尊宝娱乐教育&网www.for68.com
  Vatican City is an independent state under the absolute authority of the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. It is an enclave with Rome, Italy, with an area of 44 hectares (109 acres). The smallest independent country in the world, Vatican City was established in 1929 under terms of the Lateran Treaty, concluded by the Italian government and the papacy after many years of controversy. This treaty was superseded in 1984 by a new concordat, which, like its predecessor, recognized the full sovereignty of the Holy See (the jurisdiction of the Pope) within the state of Vatican City.   enclave:“飞地”,这是个很专业的名词:指在某一国境内,但却隶属于另一国的地区。如Vatican在意大利境内,但却是一个独立的国家。前缀en-有“包围,置于……中”等含意,例如enclosure(围栏),encage(关在笼中),encompass(包围、环绕)等。   conclude:“结束、中止”的意思。Vatican City于1929开始修建,许多年后由意大利政府和罗马教廷(papacy)最后完成,其中经过了许多争论(controversy)。   concordat:“协议”、“合同”的意思,这里指“宗教协定”,是罗马教皇与各国政府之间的协定,即,承认教皇在Vatican City的统治。   Vatican City is situated on Vatican Hill in northwestern Rome, just west of the Tiber River. It is surrounded by medieval and Renaissance walls and has six gates. Many of the most renowned artists and architects of the Italian Renaissance were commissioned by Popes to work on the Vatican's buildings. The most imposing and important edifice is Saint Peter's Basilica. Built for the most part between the 15th and 17th centuries, and designed by artists, including Bramante, Michelangelo, and Bernini, it is the world center of Roman Catholic worship. In front of the basilica is the great Piazza San Pietro (Saint Peter's Square).   imposing:壮观的、气势宏伟的、使人难忘的。   edifice:“建筑物”、“大厦”,规模宏大、建筑精美的building.Vatican City最宏伟的建筑是Saint Peter's Basilica(圣彼得大教堂),它是世界上最大的基督教教堂,形状象一个十字架。   Bramante:布拉曼特,意大利建筑师、画家,文艺复兴盛期建筑风格的代表。   Michelangelo:米开朗琪罗,意大利著名的画家。   Bernini:贝尔尼尼,意大利建筑家、雕刻家和画家,是巴洛克艺术风格的代表人物。   Piazza San Pietro:圣彼得广场,因位于圣彼得教堂前方而得名。   The other major edifice is the Palace of the Vatican, also known as the Papal Palace. It is a complex of buildings that contains more than 1000 rooms and houses the papal apartments, the government offices of the Roman Catholic church, several chapels and museums, and a library. The most famous portions of the palace are the Sistine Chapel, with its great ceiling frescoes painted by Michelangelo (restored 1980-1990); and Raphael's Rooms, papal apartments with frescoes painted by the Italian artist Raphael.   chapel:“小教堂”、“附属教堂”的意思。   fresco:湿壁画,湿壁画技法。“干壁画”是fresco secco梵蒂冈虽小,博物馆、美术馆等艺术殿堂却很多,有丰富的珍品收藏。整个国家有着完整的政治管理体系和政府机构,还有自己的公共服务设施。当然,作为一个教皇国,Vatican City处处带有宗教的印记……   The Vatican's museums are outstanding and include the Gregorian Museum of Egyptian Art; the Gregorian Museum of Etruscan Art; the Pio Clementno Museum, with a superlative collection of antiquities; the Chiaramonti Museum; and the Vatican Pinacotheca, with representative works by Italian masters. The Vatican Library has a priceless collection of ancient manuscripts and more than 1 million bound volumes. Also within the Vatican's walls are the Government Palace and the Vatican Gardens.   Gregorian museum:“格利高里博物馆”,“Gregory”是教皇的名字。Vatican的博物馆都很突出,其中包括格利高里埃及艺术博物馆、格利高里伊特鲁里亚艺术(Etruscan Art)博物馆等。   superlative:“最高的”、“最好的”等意思。   antiquity:“古迹”、“古物”的意思。在Vatican的博物馆里,收藏有最好的古物。   Vatican Pinacotheca:“梵蒂冈美术馆”,Pinacotheca就是“画廊、美术馆”的意思。   Vatican City is governed by the Pope, who has absolute executive, legislative, and judicial powers. The executive powers are delegated to a governor, who is responsible directly to the Pope. In the exercise of his legislative powers, the Pope is advised and assisted by the Sacred College of Cardinals and by the various Sacred Congregations. The judicial powers are exercised by tribunals; appeals from their decisions are heard by the sacred Roman Rota and by the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature.   Pope:“教皇、主教”。Vatican City由教皇统治,完全掌握着行政权、立法权、和司法权。   delegate:“委派”、“授权”的意思。政府由教皇授权行使行政权,并直接对教皇负责。   sacred College of Cardinals:“红衣主教神学院”。教皇在行使立法权时,由红衣主教神学院和Sacred Congregations(圣会)协助并提出建议。   The Secretariat of State represents the Holy See in diplomatic relations with foreign powers. Swiss Guards maintain internal security and protection of the Pope; the Piazza San Pietro is subject to the authority of the Italian police. Castel Gandolfo, the papal summer palace outside Rome, as well as other buildings located in Rome but outside of Vatican City are endowed with extraterritoriality.   Secretariat of State:“秘书长”。   Holy See:“圣座”的意思,这里指代教皇。教廷的秘书长可以代表教皇进行外交活动。   Castel Gandolfo:教皇的夏季宫殿。   endow:“资助”、“捐赠”和“给予”的意思。   extraterritoriality:“非管辖区、治外法权”。   Vatican City has its own currency (equal to the Italian lira) and postal system. It also has a railroad station and radio station, and manages its own telephone and telegraph services. Annual expenditures in the late 1980s were $121.9 million. A daily newspaper and an official monthly journal are published, as are books and pamphlets in numerous languages.   annual:“每年的,每年一次的”,指植物时是“一年生植物”。Vatican City不但有自己的货币和邮政体系,还有一个火车站和电台,经营着自己的电话和电报服务机构。80年代后期年均在这些项目上的花费有1.2亿多美元。   pamphlet:“小册子”、“时事活页文选”等。它的近义词是brochure“手册、小册子”,一般印刷精美,带插图;而pamphlet一般印刷简单,而且比较薄。延伸阅读:   不丹旅游概述与禁忌
    交通应急尊宝娱乐
   一定要知道的12个尊宝娱乐人文词汇
   中国公民出国旅游必须懂的尊宝娱乐语句
  上一篇:  卢浮宫的介绍   下一篇:  Experiencing Scotland 苏格兰风情
相关资讯:
网站导航:
 四六级 指南 动态 经验 试题 资料  托福 指南 动态 经验 留学 备考
 雅思 指南 动态 机经 经验 辅导  公共尊宝娱乐 指南 动态 备考 试题 辅导
 日语 就业 辅导 留学 考试 报考  法语 资料 文化 考试 留学 辅导
 韩语 入门 口语 阅读 留学 文化  西语 辅导 资料 考试 留学 风采
尊宝娱乐教育网(www.for68.com)是北京东大正保科技有限公司(CDEL)旗下一家大型尊宝娱乐远程教育网站,正保科技成立于2005年7月,是国内超大型尊宝娱乐远程教育基地,上榜“北京优质教育资源榜”--“百万读者推崇的网络教育机构”。
公司凭借雄厚的师资力量、先进的网络视频多媒体课件技术、严谨细致的教学作风、灵活多样的教学方式,为学员提供完整、优化的尊宝娱乐课程,既打破了传统面授的诸多限制,发挥了网络教育的优势,也兼顾面授的答疑与互动特点,为我国培养了大量优秀的尊宝娱乐人才。
为了满足学员学习不同语种、不同阶段的学习需求,网站开设了包括考试尊宝娱乐、行业尊宝娱乐、实用口语以及小语种在内的百余门语言学习课程,涵盖尊宝娱乐、日语、韩语、俄语、德语、法语、西班牙语、意大利语、阿拉伯语等主要语种,供学员自由选择。此外,网站还拥有各类尊宝娱乐专业信息和考试信息20余万条,是广大学员了解尊宝娱乐类考试最新政策、动态及参加各语种培训的优质网站。
北京东大正保科技有限公司成立于2000年,是一家具备网络教育资质、经教育部批准开展远程教育的专业公司,为北京市高新技术企业、中国十大教育集团、联合国教科文组织技术与职业教育培训在中国的唯一试点项目。
公司下属13家行业远程教育网站,业务涵盖了会计、法律、医学、建设、自考、成考、考研、中小学、尊宝娱乐、信息技术、汉语言教学等诸多领域,拥有办公面积8000多平米,员工近千人,公司年招生规模达270万人。由于正保远程教育(China Distance Education Holdings Ltd., CDEL)在中国互联网远程教育行业内的绝对优势和强大影响力,正保教育模式一直被广大投资人所追捧。2008年7月30日,公司在美国纽约证券交易所正式挂牌上市(股票交易代码:DL),是2008年唯一一家在美国纽交所上市的专业从事互联网远程教育的中国企业。
版权声明
   1、凡本网注明 “来源:尊宝娱乐教育网”的所有作品,版权均属尊宝娱乐教育网所有,未经本网授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他方式使用;已经本网授权的,应在授权范围内使用,且必须注明“来源:尊宝娱乐教育网”。违反上述声明者,本网将追究其法律责任。
  2、本网部分资料为网上搜集转载,均尽力标明作者和出处。对于本网刊载作品涉及版权等问题的,请作者与本网站联系,本网站核实确认后会尽快予以处理。
  本网转载之作品,并不意味着认同该作品的观点或真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人转载使用,请与著作权人联系,并自负法律责任。
  3、本网站欢迎积极投稿
  4、联系方式:
编辑信箱:for68@chinaacc.com
电话:010-82319999-2371
尊宝娱乐